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Genre Überblick

Genre Überblick

Genre  German Genre Name  Description
 Blog Post  Blogbeitrag  A contribution or an article posted on a weblog or a similar website.
 Book  Buch  Either an authored or edited book. A book is defined as already published or intended to be published (publication data already available).
 Book Chapter  Buchkapitel

 A part of a book.

 Book Review  Rezension  A book review is a documented and published form of criticism. The contents of scientific findings are described, analyzed and evaluated. A book review includes bibliographic information, a brief summary of the content and an evaluation/recommendation of the reviewer.
 Case Note  Entscheidungsanmerkung  Annotation to a court decision.
 Case Study  Fallbesprechung  The case study is an important instrument in judicial education and is often provided in form of special courses. In addition case studies can occur as publications containing explanations of the application of the law by the means of an authentic case. The targeted audience mostly consists of students.
 Collected Edition  Sammelwerk  A collected edition is a textbook edited by a publisher. Multiple authors deliver articles about a certain topic. In case of extensive topics, the collected edition can consist of multiple volumes. A special form of collected editions are encyclopedia or proceedings.
 Commentary  Kommentar  Commentaries of a law can occur in form of extensive multiple-volume editions as well as in form of short-commentaries. Some commentaries, that have continually been published for years may become commonly known under the name of its original publisher/author. In this case it may be useful to also enter this publisher/author even though he is not in that function anymore.
 Conference Paper  Konferenzbeitrag  Written composition of a presentation at a conference. It might be published within proceedings.
 Conference Report  Konferenzbericht  Documentation of a conference, workshop, meeting or other kinds of event.
 Contribution to Collected Edition  Beitrag in Sammelwerk  A collected edition is a textbook edited by a publisher. Multiple authors deliver articles about a certain topic. In case of extensive topics, the collected edition can consist of multiple volumes. A special form of collected editions are encyclopedia or proceedings.
 Contribution to   Commentary  Beitrag in Kommentar  Commentaries of a law can occur in form of extensive multiple-volume editions as well as in form of short-commentaries. Some commentaries, that have continually been published for years may become commonly known under the name of its original publisher/author. In this case, it may be useful to also enter this publisher/author even though he is not in that function anymore.
 Contribution to Encyclopedia  Beitrag in Lexikon  An encyclopedia is a type of reference work, a compendium holding information from either all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge. It is divided into articles. Unlike a dictionary which is centred on linguistic, etymological and usage aspects of words, instead, each encyclopedia article's subject is a single concept.
 Contribution to Festschrift  Beitrag in Festschrift  A Festschrift is a book honoring a respected academic and presented during his or her lifetime. The term, borrowed from German, could be translated as celebration publication or celebratory (piece of) writing. A comparable book presented posthumously is called a Gedenkschrift (memorial publication).
 Contribution to Handbook  Beitrag in Handbuch  A handbook is a teamwork of several authors, which describes the matter of a science discipline or major subject area by reference to relevant literature in detail and coherently. Handbooks are often published in several volumes.
 Data Publication  Datenpublikation
 Encyclopedia  Lexikon  An encyclopedia is a type of reference work, a compendium holding information from either all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge. It is divided into articles. Unlike a dictionary which is centred on linguistic, etymological and usage aspects of words, instead, each encyclopedia article's subject is a single concept.
 Festschrift  Festschrift  A Festschrift is a book honoring a respected academic and presented during his or her lifetime. The term, borrowed from German, could be translated as celebration publication or celebratory (piece of) writing. A comparable book presented posthumously is called a Gedenkschrift (memorial publication).
 Film  Film  A film is a series of moving pictures.
 Handbook  Handbuch  A handbook is a teamwork of several authors, which describes the matter of a science discipline or major subject area by reference to relevant literature in detail and coherently. Handbooks are often published in several volumes.
 Interview Interview  Structured conversation including questions and answers. May be available in printed form or an audio or video format.
 Issue  Heft  An issue is a part of a journal.
 Journal  Zeitschrift  A regularly published scientific resp. scholarly journal.
 (Journal) Article  Zeitschriftenartikel  An intellectually closed text, which is published in or submitted to a print or e-journal, magazine, special issue or repository. All articles have passed or will pass some editorial review and/or have been peer-reviewed.
 Manual  Leitfaden  A manual is a guideline that aims to streamline particular processes. Guidelines are not binding and are not enforced.
 Manuscript  Manuskript  A handwritten or typewritten manuscript.
 Meeting Abstract  Meeting Abstract  A meeting abstract is a brief summary of a conference presentation.
 Monograph  Monografie  A monograph is a comprehensive and complete scientific work on an individual object, i.e. a single work, a particular problem, or a single personality. A monograph is normally written by a single author.
 Multi-Volume  Mehrbändiges Werk  A multi-volume work consists of a limited number of physically separate parts. These parts are arranged by numerical, alphabetical or alphanumeric descriptions, often initiated with a formal term e.g. volume, part or other language equivalents.
 Newspaper  Zeitung  Newspapers are typically expected to meet four criteria: Publicity: Its contents are reasonably accessible to the public. Periodicity: It is published at regular intervals, at least on a weekly basis. Currency: Its information is up to date. Universality: It covers a range of topics.
 Newspaper Article  Zeitungsartikel  Newspapers are typically expected to meet four criteria: Publicity: Its contents are reasonably accessible to the public. Periodicity: It is published at regular intervals, at least on a weekly basis. Currency: Its information is up to date. Universality: It covers a range of topics.
 Opinion  Stellungname  The opinion is a written response to drafts of laws, directives, etc. and serves to answer questions that are asked in this regard by the authorities that have such laws, directives, etc. developed.
 Other  Sonstige  This genre should be used for any resource you cannot assign to any existing genre type.
 Paper  Forschungspapier  A paper reflects innovative concepts and ideas within a discipline in order to stimulate new research and challenges current theories in science. It does not necessarily have to be a concluded contribution based on scientific research. In comparison to an article, a paper does not have to meet the editorial standards for publishing and citing.
 Patent  Patent  A patent is an official document about an invention or process protected by a sovereign state.
 Poster  Poster  A visual stand-alone display of research results at a conference.
 Preprint  Preprint  Version of a scholarly paper prior to formal peer-review and its publication in a journal. It often is publicly available before (and after) the paper is published in a journal.
 Pre-Registration Paper  A research protocol document created prior to conducting the actual research. It may include the research hypotheses, analysis plan, methods, parameters, and further information on the planned research process. The document is made publicly available on a website in a non-modifiable way (including timestamps) before starting data collection.
 Proceedings  Konferenzband  Collection of conference papers and talks, from a conference or a series of conferences.
 Registered Report  Publication format used by journals. The two-stage publication process includes pre-registration of methods and analyses. These are then subjected to a peer-review process prior to research (data collection) being conducted.
 Report  Bericht  A document which presents results and/or progress of development work. Reports are often published by the funding organisation or by the academic institution where the work has been carried out. Reports can be defined as grey/informal literature, because they are in most cases not published formally.
 Review Article Review Article  Special type of article that summarizes the current state of understanding on a topic. It does not apply to a normal peer-reviewed article . It may come in the form of a literature review or, more specifically, a systematic review. Some "Review Journals" specialize in this type of article.
 Series  Reihe  A bundle of regularly published items.
 Software  Software  Any information processed by computer systems.
 Talk  Vortrag  A manuscript or recording of a presentation or talk. It is characterised by the event where it is held.
 Teaching  Lehrmaterial  Any kind of material that is used in connection with teaching and education.
 Thesis  Hochschulschrift  A text or aggregation of items to reach a certain degree, e.g. PhD, German Magister, Master, etc.